Endiandra anthropophogorum (Lauraceae)

Endiandra anthopophogorum

This small endemic tree is rather restricted in distribution, but one can best see it at the Cairns Botanical Gradens where there is a few healthy trees. Probably most easily identified by the cream coloured fruit with large seed bearing a distinctive pattern.

The flowers look rather unusual, like little knobs. Upon closer inspection, it might be seen that the tepals (botanists call petal-like structures tepals when it is not clear what are petals and sepals) form a shealth around the anthers.

The fruits are large (~6cm across). The Czech botanist Karel Domin observed that aborigines used the species as food and alluded to this in the species epithet he gave the plant.

Some compounds isolated form the species are known to have cytotoxic (i.e. cell-killing) effects on a line of lung cancer cells (Davis et al. 2009).

Endiandra anthopophogorum

Endiandra anthopophogorum

Endiandra anthopophogorum

Endiandra anthropophagorum DSC_0464 (1)

References

Davis RA, Barnes EC, Longden J, Avery VM, Healy PC. 2009. Isolation, structure elucidation and cytotoxic evaluation of endiandrin B from the Australian rainforest plant Endiandra anthropophagorum. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 17(3), 1387-1392.

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About David Tng

I am David Tng, a hedonistic botanizer who pursues plants with a fervour. I chase the opportunity to delve into various aspects of the study of plants. I have spent untold hours staring at mosses and allied plants, taking picture of pollen, culturing orchids in clean cabinets, counting tree rings, monitoring plant flowering times, etc. I am currently engrossed in the study of plant ecology (a grand excuse to see 'anything I can). Sometimes I think of myself as a shadow taxonomist, a sentimental ecologist, and a spiritual environmentalist - but at the very root of it all, a "plant whisperer"!
This entry was posted in Endemics, Habitat - Rain forest, Lauraceae (Laurel family), Lifeform - Trees & Shrubs, Traditional Plant Use and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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